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    教育頭條 > 小學英語 > 小學一至六年級英語語法,小學英語語法知識點歸納!

    小學一至六年級英語語法,小學英語語法知識點歸納!

    小學英語 04-25 瀏覽量: 分享:

            小學一至六年級英語語法,小學英語語法知識點歸納!要想學好小學英語,并為以后的英語學習打下好的基礎,那么英語語法的學習就很重要,因為學好語法可以避免小學生運用語言的盲目性,可以提高正確使用語言的能力。

     

     

     

      1.人稱代詞

     

      主格: I we you she he it they

     

      賓格: me us you her him it them

     

      形容詞性物主代詞:my our your her his its their

     

      名詞性物主代詞: mine ours yours hers his its theirs

     

      2.形容詞和副詞的比較級

     

      (1) 一般在形容詞或副詞后+er

     

      older taller longer stronger, etc

     

      (2) 多音節詞前+more

     

      more interesting, etc.

     

      (3) 雙寫最后一個字母,再+er

     

      bigger fatter, etc.

     

      (4) 把y變i,再+er

     

      heavier, earlier

     

      (5) 不規則變化:

     

      well-better, much/many-more, etc.

     

      3.可數詞的復數形式

     

      Most nouns + s a book –books

     

      Nouns ending in a consonant +y - y+ ies a story—stories

     

      Nouns ending in s, sh, ch or x + es a glass—glasses a watch-watches

     

      Nouns ending in o +s or +es a piano—pianos a mango—mangoes

     

      Nouns ending in f or fe - f or fe +ves a knife –knives a shelf-shelves

     

      4.不可數名詞(單復數形式不變)

     

      bread, rice, water ,juice etc.

     

      5. 縮略形式

     

      I’m = I am you’re = you are she’s = she is he’s = he is

     

      it’s = it is who’s =who is can’t =can not isn’t=is not etc

     

      6. a/an

     

      a book, a peach

     

      an egg an hour

     

      7. Preposition:

     

      on, in ,in front of, between, next to, near, beside, at, behind.

     

      表示時間: at six o’clock, at Christmas, at breakfast

     

      on Monday on 15th July On National Day

     

      in the evening in December in winter

     

      8. 基數詞和序數詞

     

      one – first two-second twenty-twentieth

     

      9. Some /any

     

      I have some toys in my bedroom.

     

      Do you have any brothers or sisters?

     

      10. be 動詞

     

      (1) Basic form: am/are/is

     

      (2) 肯定和否定句 I am(not) from London.

     

      My eyes are(not) small.

     

      My hair is(not) long.

     

     ?。?)一般疑問句: Am I a Chinese? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.

     

      Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

     

      Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

     

      11. there be 結構

     

      肯定句: There is a …

     

      There are …

     

      一般疑問句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.

     

      Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.

     

      否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t….

     

      12. 祈使句

     

      Sit down please

     

      Don’t sit down, please.

     

      13. 現在進行時.通常用“now”.

     

      形式: be + verb +ing

     

      eg: I am(not) doing my homework.

     

      You/We/They are(not) reading.

     

      He/She/It is(not) eating.

     

      動詞 —ing 的形式

     

      Most verbs +ing walk—walking

     

      Verbs ending in e -e + ing come—coming

     

      Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimming

     

      14 一般現在時。

     

      通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。形式:

     

      肯定句:

     

      I go to school on foot every day.

     

      She goes to school on foot every day.

     

      一般疑問句:

     

      Do you jump high? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

     

      Does he jump high? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

     

      否定句: We don’t go to school on Sundays.

     

      My mother doesn’t like watching TV in the evening.

     

      15. (情態)動詞can,must, should 后面直接用動詞原形。

     

      eg:

     

      1. I / He / She / They can sing.

     

      2.You should keep quiet in the library.

     

      16. 一般過去時態

     

     ?。╝) be 動詞的過去式:

     

      I/He/she/it was(not)…. You/we/they were….

     

      一般疑問句was, were 放在句首。

     

     ?。╞) 動詞過去式:

     

      肯定句: I watched cartoons.

     

      She visited the zoo.

     

      一般疑問句: Did you read book last night? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.

     

      Did she clean the desk just now? Yes, she did. No, she didn’t.

     

      否定句: They didn’t go the the part yesterday.

     

      He didn’t make model ships last week.

     

      (3)動詞過去式的變化:

     

      規則動詞的變化:

     

      Most verbs +ed eg. planted,watered,climbed。

     

      Verbs ending in e +d eg liked。

     

      Verbs ending in a consonant +y --y +ied eg : study—studied

     

      Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant eg: stop --stopped

     

      不規則動詞的變化:

     

      is/am—was,are—were,do—did,have/has—had,make—made,fly-flew/u:/

     

      eat—ate,take—took,run—ran,sing—sang,drink—drank 等等

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